Ɔtwerɛtwerɛfoɔ / Ɔtwerɛtwerɛni

Wɔakyerɛw nsɛm yi wɔ Akuapem kasa mu

Ɔtwerɛwfo(About this soundpronounciation of "ɔtwerɛfoɔ" ), adwumayɛfo a wɔhwɛ adwuma so, anaa ankorankoro boafo yɛ obi a n’adwuma ne sɛ ɔbɛboa adwumayɛfo, a mpanyimfo ka ho, de adwuma no sohwɛ, nkitahodi, anaa ahyehyɛde no ho nimdeɛ ahorow di dwuma. Nanso ɛnsɛ sɛ wɔde saa dwumadie yi frafra ɔtwerɛwfoɔ panin dwumadie, a ɛsono ankorankoro boafoɔ.

Secretary at work, 2007

wobetumi ayɛ ankorankoro boafo nnwuma koraa de aboa adwumayɛfo foforo biako anaasɛ ebetumi ayɛ nea ɛbɛboa wɔn a wɔboro biako. Wɔ tebea afoforo mu no ɔkyerɛwfo yɛ fekuo anaa ahyehyɛde bi panin a ɔhwɛ nkrataakyerɛw so, gye asɔremma foforo, na ɔyɛ aban nhyiam ne nsɛm a esisi ho nhyehyɛe.[1][2][3]

Nnwuma ne dwumadie ahodoɔSesa

ɔtwerɛwfo a wɔsan frɛ no ankorankoro boafo (PA) anaa adwumayɛfo boafo no betumi anya adwumayɛ ho nnwuma pii. Wɔntaa mfa abodin "ɔkyerɛwfo" nni dwuma te sɛ mfe du du a atwam no, na asɛyɛde ahorow aba sɛnea mfiridwuma bere no te, a ɛhwehwɛ sɛ wonya nimdeɛ wɔ softwea te sɛ Microsoft Office suite of applications mu. Nnwuma no betumi ayɛ soronko sɛnea adwumakuw anaa ahyehyɛde no te ne ne kɛse te, na ebetumi ayɛ sikasɛm nhyehyɛe a wɔhwɛ so, nhoma a wɔbɛkora so, telefon so frɛ a wɔbɛkɔ, nsrahwɛfo a wobedi wɔn ho dwuma, wɛbsaet ahorow a wɔbɛhwɛ so, akwantu ho nhyehyɛe, ne ɛka ho amanneɛbɔ a wɔbɛyɛ. Akyerɛwfo nso betumi ahwɛ nhyiam anaa nhyiam a ɛkorɔn a wɔbɛyɛ ho nsɛm a ɛfa adwumayɛ ho nyinaa so na wɔayɛ wɔn asɛyɛde sɛ wɔbɛyɛ aduan a wɔde bɛma awia aduan nhyiam ho nhyehyɛe. Mpɛn pii no mpanyimfo bɛka akyerɛ wɔn boafo no sɛ ɔmfa simma no nkɔ nhyiam horow ase na onsiesie nhyiam ho nkrataa mma wɔnhwɛ mu.[4] Wɔ nsɛm a wɔakyerɛw no akyi no, ebetumi ayɛ ɔkyerɛwfo no asɛyɛde sɛ ɔkora adwumakuw anaa ahyehyɛde bi kyerɛwtohɔ ahorow a aban de ma no nyinaa so.[2]Wɔsan nso bu ɔkyerɛwfo sɛ "ɔfese sohwɛfo".

Nsɛmfua asekyerɛSesa

Wonyaa asɛmfua no fii Latin asɛmfua secernere, "sɛ́ wobɛma nsonsonoe aba" anaa "sɛ wobɛtew mu", adeyɛ asɛm a ɛnyɛ adwuma (secretum) a ɛkyerɛ "wɔayi afi mu", a awiei koraa no ɛkyerɛ biribi a ɛyɛ kokoam anaasɛ kokoamsɛm, sɛnea ɛte wɔ Engiresi asɛmfua no ho no asumasɛm. Enti, na ɔkyerɛwfo yɛ obi a ɔhwɛ adwuma so wɔ kokoam, mpɛn pii no ma onipa bi a ɔwɔ tumi (ɔhene, pope, ne nea ɛkeka ho). Esiane sɛ nnɛyi ɔkyerɛwfo nnwuma taa da so ara yɛ kokoam nsɛm a odi ho dwuma nti, ntease ankasa a ɛwɔ wɔn abodin no mu no da so ara yɛ nokware.[5]

MfiaseSesa

Efi Renaissance bere so kosi afeha a ɛto so 19 awiei no, na mmarima a wɔde wɔn ho hyɛ da biara da nkrataakyerɛw ne tumidifo dwumadi ahorow mu no afa abodin sɛ ɔkyerɛwfo. Bere kɔɔ so no, te sɛ abodin pii no, wɔde asɛmfua no dii dwuma wɔ nnwuma pii a egu ahorow mu, na ɛde abodin ahorow a wɔabom ayɛ de akyerɛ ɔkyerɛwfo adwuma ahorow yiye, te sɛ ɔkyerɛwfo panyin anaa sikasɛm ho ɔkyerɛwfo. "Ɔkyerɛwfo" kɛkɛ kɔɔ so de dii dwuma sɛ asɛmfua tiawa bere a emu da hɔ wɔ nsɛm a ɛfa ho no mu anaasɛ dibea ahorow a ɛba fam koraa te sɛ ɔpanyin (ɔpanyin) a ɔhwɛ so no boafo a ɔhwɛ adwuma so, ankorankoro anaasɛ sɛ ɔkyerɛwfo adwumayɛbea bi muni. Bere a adwuma a ɛte saa a enni nkɛntɛnso kɛse no bɛyɛɛ mmea de kɛse na ɛtaa ba bere a adwumayɛfo a wɔyɛ adwuma wɔ ɔman ne ankorankoro nnwuma mu no dɔɔso no, wɔyɛɛ nsɛmfua foforo nso de kyerɛkyerɛɛ mu, te sɛ ankorankoro boafo

NteteeɛSesa

United States no, ahokokwaw ahorow ne sɛnea wobetumi ayɛ nsakrae wɔ tebea foforo mu ho hia. Sɛnea ɛte no, wɔtaa pɛ mfe anan abodin krataa na mpɛn pii no wɔhwehwɛ sɛ wonya mfe abien abodin krataa. Ɔkwan foforo a wubetumi afa so ne sɛ wubenya adwumayɛfo adansedi krataa afi ɔman no fekuw bi hɔ.

Beaɛ a Menye mmoa firiɛSesa

  1. https://nationalcareersservice.direct.gov.uk/advice/planning/jobprofiles/Pages/secretary.aspx
  2. 2.0 2.1 https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert%27s_Rules_of_Order
  3. "Archive copy". Archived from the original on 2017-08-16. Retrieved 2022-07-28.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. http://www.bls.gov/ooh/Office-and-Administrative-Support/Secretaries-and-administrative-assistants.htm/
  5. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/secretary?show=0&t=1391421751