Ahokeka

Ahokeka(ɛsane de "pruritus") ɛyɛ atenka a ɛma wo ho yɛ hene na ɛsan ma wo titi wo ho .[1] Mpen pii no ahoɔhene pɛ sɛ ɛbɛka atenka a nipadua no wɔ no mu baako nanso anyɛ yie. Ahoɔhene wɔ nsosoesoɔ bebree a ɛne honamyaw sɛ, ɛnam sɛ ne nyinaa ɛnyɛ atenka a ɛma anigyeɛ nti, wɔn nneyɛe sesa wɔ akwan bebree so. Honamyaw ma w'ani ba wo ho so ntɛm ɛna ahoɔhene nso ma wo titi wo ho ma no watiri. [2]

Ntini a ɛwɔ ɛnam nipadua no mu kɔ adwenemu nso yɛ hene na yaw wei nyinaa ba honam ani; bio, adwuma a wɔn nyinaa di ne sɛ wɔn boaboa wɔn ho wɔ nipadua no beaeɛ baabi na wɔn nyinaa fa ntini ne "spinothalamic tract"[3]

NkyekyɛmuSesa

Mpen pii no, nipadua baabi faako na wonnya saa atenka no.Sɛ ɛtɔ honam no ho nyinaa a, ɛna yɛfrɛ no ahotitiɛ anaa sɛ ahoɔhene .[4]

Sɛ atenka a ɛwɔ ahoɔne mu toa so bɛyɛ nnawɔtwe nsia anaa deɛ ɛboro saa a ɛna yɛfrɛ no yadeɛ koankorɔ.[4][5] Yadeɛ koankorɔ yɛ kwan a ahoɔhene tena nipadua mu boro nnawɔtwe nsia, adekorɔ a ɛdeba pɔtee no deɛ nhyenda nna adi pɔtee.[6][7]

Deɛ ɛde baSesa

 
Scabies is one cause of itching.
 
Athlete's foot (showing the toes from below plus the front part of the sole)

NsaeɛSesa

  • Honam dwidwie ba wɔ beaeɛ a ahodidie wɔ fam.
  • Cutaneous larva migrans, ɛyɛ honam ani yarewa .
  • "Head lice", ɛtumi ba wo kon ne wotiri ho nnam no nko ara.
  • Herpes, ɛyɛ yareɛ a ɛkɔ akyiri.
  • Mmoa keka, ɛbi tesɛ deɛ ɛfiri ntontom anaa sakasaka.
  • Pubic lice, sɛ aba wɔ ɔbaa baa ho anaa ɔbarima barima ho.
  • Scabies, mpen pii no, sɛ ɛkɔba sɛ nnipa pii ɛben na wɔn nyinaa anya ahoɔhene no bi.
  • Nwii ayie, a ɛtumi de honam ani nsaansaa ba.
  • Swimmer's itch, a short-term immune reaction
  • Varicella – i.e. chickenpox, prevalent among young children and highly contagious
  • Tungiasis, ectoparasite of skin

Atenaeɛ ne Ho yadeɛSesa

Honam ani nnyarewaSesa

Nnyarewa ahodoɔ niSesa

MedicationSesa

  • Drugs (such as opioids) that activate histamine (H1) receptors or trigger histamine release
  • Chloroquine, a drug used in the treatment and prevention of malaria
  • Bile acid congeners such as obeticholic acid

Related to pregnancySesa

OtherSesa

Kwan a yɛfa so ma no kɔSesa

Aman ahodoɔ pii de nnuro ahodoɔ de aba sɛ ahokeka aduro. Nnua bi nso a yɛhunu nso tumi sa saa yadeɛ no nnua no bi nte saa. Kwan a yɛfa so ne sɛ , yɛreka aduro no hye ne ade.

Nnuro no bi ye sɛ krem ne supree wɔ mmeaɛ a wɔtɔn nnuro. Nnuro a yɛtumi de nsɛm na ɛyɛ nso wɔ hɔ. Nnoɔma a edi mu akotene paa no wɔ saaa ekuo a edidi soɔ yi mu:

Phototherapy is helpful for severe itching, especially if caused by kidney failure. The common type of light used is UVB.[17]

Beaeɛ a menyaa mmoa firiiɛSesa

  1. Andersen HH, Elberling J, Arendt-Nielsen L (September 2015). "Human surrogate models of histaminergic and non-histaminergic itch". Acta Dermato-Venereologica. 95 (7): 771–777. doi:10.2340/00015555-2146. PMID 26015312.
  2. Ikoma A, Steinhoff M, Ständer S, et al. (July 2006). "The neurobiology of itch". Nature Reviews. Neuroscience. 7 (7): 535–547. doi:10.1038/nrn1950. PMID 16791143. S2CID 9373105.
  3. Greaves MW, Khalifa N (October 2004). "Itch: more than skin deep". International Archives of Allergy and Immunology. 135 (2): 166–172. doi:10.1159/000080898. PMID 15375326. S2CID 13376216.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Molkara S, Sabourirad S, Molooghi K (July 2019). "Infectious differential diagnosis of chronic generalized pruritus without primary cutaneous lesions: a review of the literature". International Journal of Dermatology. 59: 30–36. doi:10.1111/ijd.14587. PMID 31364165. S2CID 198998956.
  5. Harrison IP, Spada F (July 2019). "Breaking the Itch-Scratch Cycle: Topical Options for the Management of Chronic Cutaneous Itch in Atopic Dermatitis". Medicines. 6 (3): 76. doi:10.3390/medicines6030076. PMC 6789602. PMID 31323753.
  6. Erickson S, Nahmias Z, Rosman IS, Kim BS (July 2018). "Immunomodulating Agents as Antipruritics". Dermatologic Clinics. 36 (3): 325–334. doi:10.1016/j.det.2018.02.014. PMID 29929604. S2CID 49336771.
  7. Hinkle JL, Cheever KH (2018-08-30). Brunner and Suddarth's Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing (in English). Wolters kluwer india Pvt Ltd. p. 1269. ISBN 978-93-87963-72-6.
  8. Pfützner W, Thomas P, Niedermeier A, et al. (2003-02-20). "Systemic contact dermatitis elicited by oral intake of Balsam of Peru". Acta Dermato-Venereologica. 83 (4): 294–295. doi:10.1080/00015550310016599. PMID 12926805.
  9. Usatine RP, Riojas M (August 2010). "Diagnosis and management of contact dermatitis". American Family Physician. Aafp.org. 82 (3): 249–255. PMID 20672788. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
  10. Byers, Jerry P. (2006). Metalworking Fluids (Second ed.). CRC Press. ISBN 142001773X.
  11. Feingold BF (1973). Byers JP (ed.). Introduction to clinical allergy. the University of Michigan. ISBN 0398027978.
  12. LaBagnara, James. eMedicine –Hyperparathyroidism. emedicine.com
  13. Botero F (June 1978). "Pruritus as a manifestation of systemic disorders". Cutis. 21 (6): 873–880. PMID 657843.
  14. Siemens W, Xander C, Meerpohl JJ, et al. (November 2016). "Pharmacological interventions for pruritus in adult palliative care patients". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 11 (11): CD008320. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD008320.pub3. PMC 6734122. PMID 27849111.
  15. Andrade A, Kuah CY, Martin-Lopez JE, et al. (Cochrane Skin Group) (January 2020). "Interventions for chronic pruritus of unknown origin". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 1: CD013128. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD013128.pub2. PMC 6984650. PMID 31981369.
  16. Hercogová J (2005). "Topical anti-itch therapy". Dermatologic Therapy. 18 (4): 341–343. doi:10.1111/j.1529-8019.2005.00033.x. PMID 16297007. S2CID 31573591.
  17. Botero F (June 1978). "Pruritus as a manifestation of systemic disorders". Cutis. 21 (6): 873–880. PMID 657843.